Prevention of Occupational Lung Diseases


Although the actual burden of occupational lung diseases is not known exactly, occupational lung diseases are the most common occupational diseases according to occupational diseases notification system of many countries. It is emphasized by the World Health Organization that 850.000 deaths and 24 million life loss years occur due to occupational causes and the most common cause of the deaths due to occupational causes are chronic obstructive lung diseases (COPD) by the 318.000 death. Some lung diseases resulting from completely occupational exposure and while 7000 people die from as a result of asbestosis every year, 9000 people die from silicosis and 14.000 people die from the coal worker pneumoconiosis. The basic principles and approaches applicable to prevention of occupational diseases are also obtain forprevention of occupational lung diseases. The most effective methods of prevention of occupational diseases are primary prevention measures based on the elimination and control of occupational risks. In the prevention of occupational diseases, elimination of dangerous substances, replacement of dangerous substances with non-hazardous, engineering and administrative measures and the use of personal protective equipment should be listed by the hierarchically. On the other hand, working life and environments are not the environments where just negative health effects and interferences exist. Workplaces should be considered as an important area of application in terms of health promotion practices. It is possible to prioritize the interventions that can be carried out in these areas in order to increase the health level of employees.

Keywords: Epidemiology, occupational diseases, surveillance, exposure
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