Occupational and Environmental Causes of Lung Cancer
Dr. Mehmet BAYRAM


If necessary precautions are not taken in the workplace environment or during industrial operations chemical, physical and biological factors that can lead to cancer are released into the work environment and the environment. Lung cancer is the most common type of occupational cancer. Skin cancer, bladder cancer leukemia are closely related to occupational exposure. The cancers due to occupational exposure are not different from other cancers in terms of histology and prognosis. Occupational cancers occur at a younger age than other cancers. Occupational cancers are more common in men, as men are more likely to be employed in jobs with a high risk of cancer. They are more common in people exposed multiple carcinogens (such as asbestos-cigarette interaction). The period between exposure to the agent and diagnosis is not less than 10-15 years. Mesothelioma may extend up to 40-50 years. Therefore, the diagnosis is often made after the person retires. Apart from smoking, lung cancer causes include ionizing radiation (X-ray, alpha particles, gamma ray), metals, exposure to toxic gases, especially polyaromatic hydrocarbons, caused by combustion of organic substances, associated diesel exhaust, arsenic, beryllium, elements and metals such as cadmium nickel, inorganic dusts, including asbestos and silica. Furthermore, agents suspected of being carcinogenic should be treated with caution and it should be kept in mind that it may be included in the list of definite carcinogens as a result of new epidemiological studies.

Keywords: Carcinogens, Dust, Fume, Malignancy, epidemiology
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