Dr. Arif Hikmet ÇIMRIN, Dr. Hande BAHADIR


Silicosis is an occupational disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust. Lung parenchyma responds to the inhalation of silica dust by increasing surfactant production, inflammation and scar tissue production and this response is the primary cause of pathogenesis. Millions of workers throughout the world are at risk of the disease but the true prevalence is unknown. There are three clinicopathological forms of silicosis depending on the nature, intensity and time of exposure to silica and these are chronic simple silicosis, acute silicosis and accelerated silicosis. Primary prevention is the main approach in prevention due to the lack of effective treatment of silicosis. In order to standardize radiological abnormalities due to the pneumoconiosis and to obtain comparable data, International Labor Organization has proposed standards for the radiological evaluation of pneumoconiosis. Sustained and regular implementation of a medical surveillance program is the key factor for preventing silicosis and producing a healthy workplace environment

Keywords: Silica, occupational diseases, ILO
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