The Epidemiology of Occupational Lung Diseases in Turkey and Globally
Dr. Mehmet Erdem ALAGÜNEY


According to the World Health Organization’s global status report, 4.2 million (11.7%) of the 57 million deaths in 2008 were due to respiratory diseases. Worldwide, the number of deaths from workplace airborne particles is estimated as 386.000. Pneumoconioses are interstitial lung diseases caused by inhalation of inorganic dusts and caused 30.000 deaths in 2000. Pneumoconioses, including silicosis, are one of the most frequent occupational diseases reported in Turkey. Today, work-related asthma is the most commonly reported occupational lung disease in the world. 15 to 20 percent of the asthma burden in the whole population is related to occupational exposures. It is stated that 15% of all COPD cases develop due to workplace exposures. The total burden of lung cancer attributed to occupational carcinogens was calculated to be 32.400 cases annually in Europe. According to the SSI data of the last 5 years, respiratory system diseases constitute an important part. The most common diagnosis is silicosis. CIP cases are second. The number of occupational asthma is very low and the number of mesothelioma diagnoses in the last 5 years is 0. Occupational lung diseases are a common burden of mortality and morbidity. Determining the actual numbers of these diseases is necessary for preventive actions

Keywords: Occupational lung diseases, epidemiology, burden of disease
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