High Altitude and Diving Related Pulmonary Diseases
Dr. Levent TABAK

Abstract 10.5152/gghs.2019.028

Chest physicians who advise or assessing high altitude climbers and SCUBA divers must familiarize themselves with the presentation and management of high altitude illness or diving related pulmonary diseases. High Altitude Illness (HAI) includes acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema and high altitude pulmonary edema can develop following ascent to high altitude over 2750-3000 meters. The risk of devoloping HAI and exacerbation of comorbidities due to high altitude, their prevention and treatment strategies are reviewed in this article. Diving-related pulmonary disorders includes barotrauma-air embolism, decompression sickness and nitrogen narcosis. In this chapter these diving complications and their treatment are discussed seperately and an algorithm assessing respiratory fitness for diving candidates will be provided

Keywords: High altitude illness, acute mountain sickness, high altitude pulmonary edena, barotruma-air embolism, decompression sickness, nitrogen narcosis
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